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Abbreviation:Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System

Authentication, in the context of eHealth information security, refers to the confirmation of the identity of a user demanding access to eHealth services. Its purpose is to verify whether or not the user really is who he/she claims to be. Authentication is not to be confused with Authorization, which deals with rights particular users or user groups may or may not have.

While Authentication deals with questions like: “Is this person really Dr. X?“, Authorization might ask “Does Dr. X have the right to access this specific kind of data?“.


Authorization, in the context of eHealth information security, refers to rights a particular user (e.g., health professional) has with regards to eHealth service systems. Authorization is not to be confused with Authentication, which deals with the question of whether the user demanding access to eHealth service systems really is the person he/she claims to be.

While Authorization deals with questions like: “Does Dr. X have the right to access this specific kind of data?“, Authentication might ask “Is this person really Dr. X?“.

Acronym:epSOS Consortium Agreement
Acronym:epSOS-CALLIOPE collaboration

CALLepSO is the joint work group tasked with the creation of a meeting space between CALLIOPE and epSOS. It will bridge the input of their members in order to ensure a broader acceptance for eHealth applications across Europe.

Acronym:Call for Interoperability

CALLIOPE is a Thematic Network focused on cross-border eHealth Interoperability on an organisational level: Opens external link in new window

Abbreviation:Competence Centre
Abbreviation:Conformance Test
Definition:Connecting Europe Facility

The Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) is envisaged as both an EU governance framework and a targeted infrastructure investment at European level. It will support the roll-out of high-performing, sustainable and joined-up trans-European networks in the fields of transport, energy, and broadband & digital services including for health. The CEF will be publicly funded, but with a limited budget and is planned to become operational in 2014.

Acronym:Comité Européen de Normalisation (European Committee for Standardization)
Abbreviation:Competitiveness & Innovation Framework Programme

The CIP is an EC Framework Programme intended to run from 2007 to 2013. Its primary goal is to provide financing for projects intended to enhance the competitiveness of European enterprises (especially SMEs).

Definition:EU citizens

Citizens are individuals in Member States who can be patients, relatives of patients, carers or persons who may need to have access to healthcare in the future. At its simplest, citizens are represented as the total population of a Member State (EHRI).

Acronym:Circle of Trust
Country A
Definition:Country of Affiliation

This is the country which holds information about a patient, where the patient can be univocally identified and his or her data may be accessed.

Country B
Definition:Country of treatment

Country B is the country of treatment i.e. where cross-border healthcare is provided when the patient is seeking care abroad. This country is different from country A, in which healthcare related information about a patient is held.

Cross-border healthcare

Healthcare provided or prescribed in a country other than the country of affiliation.

Cross-border interoperability

"Cross-border interoperability" means interoperability between neighbouring and non-neighbouring Member States and their entire territories.

Acronym:Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology


Acronym:Directorate General for Information Society and Media



health professional who dispenses medicine(s) to the patient fulfilling a prescription order by a prescriber, i.e. who provides the order of a prescription. The professional person must be authorized to do so.

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